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7 Criteria For Substance Use Disorder

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criteria-for-substance-dependenceNot sure if you have a substance use disorder, then take this simple anonymous quiz to find out. Addiction to drugs or alcohol can typically be diagnosed if a person can apply at least 3 of the 7 substance abuse dependence criteria within the same year.

Substance Abuse Disorder

The 7 criteria for substance use disorder:

Tolerance

Tolerance is the amount of substance a person needs is increased in order for the user to achieve intoxication, high, or desired effect. The same amount of drugs or alcohol no longer gives the effect the person once felt, amount must be increased in order to obtain that same drunk or high felt in the beginning of use.

Withdrawal

A group of symptoms, both mentally and physically, that occur when a person abruptly stops or decreases the amount of substance used.

Symptoms can include, but are not limited to:

Emotional Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Anxiety
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Insomnia
  • Headaches
  • Poor concentration
  • Depression
  • Social isolation

Physical Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Sweating
  • Racing heart
  • Palpitations
  • Muscle tension
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Tremor
  • Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea

Dangerous Withdrawal Symptoms

Alcohol and tranquilizers produce the most dangerous physical withdrawal and should not be done without medical assistance. The Watershed’s medically assisted detox is a process that allows the body to safely cleanse itself of drugs or alcohol while managing the symptoms of withdrawal.

  • Grand mal seizures
  • Heart attacks
  • Strokes
  • Hallucinations
  • Delirium tremens (DTs)

Abuse

The substance many times is taken in larger amounts and the effects last longer than intended. For example, you drink or drug with the express intent to get drunk or high when you use – every time or most of the time.

Controlled Use

A constant desire to stop using or drinking or unsuccessful efforts to cut down, control substance used, or quit entirely for any length of time.

Managing Time

Time is managed by activities spent necessary to obtain or use the substance. For example, time spent visiting multiple doctors, driving long distances, hiding alcoholic beverages, scheduling activities, work, school, and/or social gatherings around the use of drugs or alcohol.

Social Distancing

Important social engagements, occupational or educational responsibilities, recreational activities, or important events are often missed or given up entirely because of substance abuse.

Known Damage

The substance is abused despite knowledge that the drugs or alcohol is damaging them physically or psychologically.

Recovering From Substance Use Disorder

Many addicts and alcoholics resolve to try to quit on their own by scaling back their drinking or drugging, or trying to quit cold turkey, which can be very dangerous. If you can identify with at least 3 of the above 7 descriptions, or if you have a loved one that matches these descriptions, the time to get help is now. Please contact one of our addiction professionals at 1-800-861-1768 for more information about the programs we offer.




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